Concise Review for the PTCB Exam - Christopher Ardoin - Brian Tuschl - Dog Ear Publishing


Concise Review for the PTCB Exam - Christopher Ardoin - Brian Tuschl - Dog Ear Publishing
     
 

Concise Review for the PTCB Exam - Christopher Ardoin - Brian Tuschl - Dog Ear Publishing

  Excerpt
From Section Two: Quick Drug Classification
 

DRUG CLASSIFICATION BY PREFIX OR SUFFIX

This table is an extremely important part of the PTCB Exam review book. In my teaching experience, students often get overwhelmed with the number of drugs in the pharmacy. At first glance, it seems impossible to learn all of the brand and generic drug names. This process can be made much easier by learning the prefixes and suffixes of common drugs dispensed. For example, if it is known that "statin" drugs are used to treat hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol), then it would be obvious that Simvastatin, Pravastatin and Lovastatin are all drugs that can be given to lower cholesterol.

Quick Drug Classification by Prefix or Suffix

Suffix or Prefix

Drug Category

Class or Action

Brand

Generic

-mycin

Antibiotic

Macrolides

Biaxin ®®, Biaxin XL ®

clarithromycin

Ery-Tab ®, E-mycin ®

erythromycin

Ketek ®

telithromycin

Zithromycin ®, Zmax ®

azithromycin

-cycline

Antibiotic

Tetracyclines

Minocin ®, Dynacin ®

minocycline

Sumycin ®

tetracycline

Vibramycin ®, Adoxa ®, Doryx ®, Monodox ®, Periostat ®

doxycycline

-floxacin

Antibiotic

Fluoroquinolones

Avelox ®

moxifloxacin

Cipro ®

ciprofloxacin

Factive ®

gemifloxacin

Floxin ®

ofloxacin

Levaquin ®

levofloxacin

Tequin ®

gatifloxacin

ceph-, cef-

Antibiotic

Cephalosporins

Ceclor ®

cephalor

Cedax ®

ceftibuten

Ceftin ®

cefuroxime

Cefzil ®

cefprozil

Duricef ®

cefadroxil

Keflex ®

cephalexin

Omnicef ®

cefdinir

Spectracef ®

cefditoren

Suprax ®

cefixime

Vantin ®

cefpodoxime

-cillin

Antibiotic

Penicillins

Amoxil ®, Trimox ®

amoxicillin

Dynapen ®

dicloxacillin

Pen Vee K ®, Veetids ®

penicillin V

Principen ®

ampicillin

-cyclovir

Antiviral

Anti-Herpetics

Denavir ®

penciclovir

Famvir ®

famciclovir

Valcyte ®

valganciclovir

Valtrex ®

valacyclovir

Zovirax ®

acyclovir

Note that this is only a partial listing of the drug reference material within this PTCB exam review.